Altai

State Nature Reserve Tigireksky (Тигирекский заповедник)

The Tigireksky Nature Reserve is located on about 40 hectares in the southwestern part of the Altai Territory, on the border with Kazakhstan. “Tigirek” is translated from Altai language means “rounded.” However, the low, rounded mountains of the region are almost inaccessible – the steep slopes are covered with heaps of stone.

A significant part of the reserve in the XX century belonged to the forestry enterprise; in many places, except for inaccessible mountain areas, logging was actively carried out. The extermination of the forest and the use of the territory as hunting grounds led to the rapid disappearance of many animals traditional for these places or the displacement of their habitats.

In 1999, the Tigirek State Nature Reserve was created to preserve the unique ecosystems of Altai. The reserve is intended to serve as a natural reserve to reproduce sable, elk, red deer, roe deer, and other valuable animals in a complex with black taiga, mountain taiga forests, and the mountain steppe of Northwestern Altai.

Topography. For the most part, it is mid-mountainous; in the northern and western parts, the mountains’ outlines are softer, with gentle valleys. The territory of the reserve lies in the altitude range between 500 and 2000 meters above sea level.

Rivers. An extensive network of fast-flowing mountain rivers. There are no lakes.

Climate. Sharp continental, with hot summers and severe winters. Precipitation is equally distributed between warm and cold periods.

The flora of the protected area includes 905 species of higher vascular plants, 89 species of bryophytes, 232 species of algae, 21 species of myxomycetes, 257 species of fungi, 383 species of lichens. The vegetation of the reserve changes depending on the height of the area above sea level. The reserve can be divided into the low-mountain (up to 900 m above sea level. M.), mid-mountain (from 900 to 1400 m above sea level), and high mountain (1400 m above sea level) vegetation belts.

The reserve fauna includes 65 species of animals, about 190 species of birds, 6 species of reptiles, 2 species of amphibians, 13 species of bony fish, and more than about 2000 species of invertebrates. Animals such as the bear, elk, red deer, roe deer, fox, wild boar, sable, wolverine, American mink, and others are noted in the reserve.

Sights of the Reserve

Mount Razrabotnaya, 1962 m high, is considered as the symbol of the Tigirek Reserve. It is known for its deposits of aquamarine, rose quartz, and other precious and ornamental stones. During the Soviet era, the field was damaged during blasting operations; at the moment, production is not being carried out.

Beloretsk mine consists of two preserved adits with the remains of mining equipment.

Tigirek outpost (fortress) is a monument of military engineering art of the 18th century on the territory of the village of Tigirek. The Tigirek fortress was part of several defensive structures on the borders of the Russian Empire. At present, the Tigirek outpost remains have survived: a powerful and high rampart, 8 m wide and 2.5 m high, a wide ditch.

Remains of the Beloretsk redoubt, in the Beloretsk cordon area, on the left bank of the Belaya River. The redoubt remains almost hidden by vegetation; a deep ditch with steep walls 9 meters wide and a low, narrow rampart are visible.

Silurian section Tigirek is located about 1 km north-east of the village. Tigirek. This geological natural monument allows you to see the remains of ancient fauna to study fluctuations in sea level and climatic conditions.

Mount Semipeshchernaya (that means it has seven caves) is a picturesque rock with caves, niches, and arches on the Inya River banks, 5 km from the village of Tigirek.

The Strashnoy (that means Terrible) Ravine is a large karst canyon with caves. The Strashnoy Stream runs along the ravine, and many animal paths pass through the territory.

The reserve staff can organize one-day excursions and hikes for several days. To visit the reserve, you must issue a pass 2 weeks in advance. Before visiting the reserve, you must contact and clarify the conditions of access to the territory.

Open hours and price

Paid services of the reserve.

A visit is recommended during the warmer months, from May to September.

How to get to the Tigireksky Reserve

Head office Altaysky Kray, Barnaul, Nikitina Ulitsa, 111

In the Russian language – Алтайский край, Барнаул, улица Никитина, 111

You must obtain a pass to visit. Contact the administration of the Tigireksky reserve at tigirek@gmail.com

Links

The State Nature Reserve Tigireksky website in the Russian and English languages

PHOTO Photo by Semionov Victor from http://tigirek.ru/

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