architecture

Shchusev State Museum of Architecture (Музей архитектуры им. А.В. Щусева)

Background of the Shchusev Museum of Architecture in Moscow was lies in the Architecture Academy established in USSR in 1934. Since 1935 the Academy appropriated the territory of the former Donskoy Monastery. There were placed the exponents and materials of the Russian, European, Byzantine, and Middle-East architecture. The collection of the Academy was available only for experts in history and architecture.

Just after World War II, for reasons of considerable damage in the USSR lands to save Russian architectural traditions became one of the most critical aims in the country. In 1945 the new public Republic Museum of Architecture was opened in Moscow to show as the architectural and artistic traditions as modern Soviet architecture. The Museum took up residence in the Talysins-Ustinovs estate on the Vozdvizhenka street very close to the Kremlin.

In 1964 the museum of the Architecture Academy and Republic Museum was integrated into the large union public museum. In the Donskoy Monastery, there was an exhibition of the Russian architecture, in the Vozdvizhenka estate – Soviet exhibits. In 1991 the Donskoy Monastery as the other religious objects were returned to the Russian Orthodox Church; therefore, all exhibits were transferred to the limited space of the estate. For lack of storage place, the Museum administration had to close the most of the permanent exhibition.

At present, the Museum of Architecture occupies a group of three buildings. The largest one – the estate of the Talysins, which is one of the exhibits itself. The estate was built to the end of the XVIII century for the privy councilor A.P. Talysin; afterward, the building changed the owners and was rebuilt several times. In Soviet time the estate was renovated, directed by the architect Alexey Shchusev who was also the first head of the Museum of Architecture. The Museum was named after A.V. Shchusev in 1949.

The former coach house of estate was joined to the Museum in 1991. The house was renovated in 2014 by the architect firm “Ruina” (that means “ruin”) and had got the same name Ruina. Characteristics of the renovation were the preservation of historical materials and arches of the XVIII century, the original setting, and plasters.

The third building (XVII century) is the medieval Medical Establishment. The additional pavilions and the yard are used for temporary exhibitions, which are very interesting because of the vast collection of more than 1 million items. The collection consists of the original projects, miniatures, drawings, patterns of materials, sculptures, and furniture. The permanent exposition is still minimal; mainly, the museum shows its resources on the thematic exhibitions.

 The Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation financed the virtual exposition of the museum. There are seven site sections; each of them presents the period of architecture:

  • Old Russian Architecture (X – XVII centuries);
  • The Baroque (1690 – 1770);
  • Classicism (1760 – 1830);
  • Historicism (1840 – 1910);
  • Art Nouveau (1890 – 1910);
  • Russian Avant-Garde (1910 – 1930)

Open hours and price

Tuesday, Thursday – from 13 to 21 (ticket office from 13 to 20.30)

Wednesday, Friday – Sunday – from 11 to 20 (ticket office from 13 to 19.30)

Day off – Monday

Ticket price 300 rubles

How to get to the Shchusev State Museum of Architecture

Moscow, Vozdvizhenka Ulitsa, 5/25

In the Russian language – Москва, улица Воздвиженка, 5/25

Metro station:

  • “Aleksandrovsky Sad” (“Александровский Сад»), line 4 (light blue line) – 0.1 km walking;
  • “Arbatskaya”, line 3 (blue line) – 0.2 km walking;
  • “Biblioteka Imeni Lenina” (“Библиотека имени Ленина”), line 1 (red line) – 0.2 m walking.

Links

Shchusev State Museum of Architecture website in the Russian and English languages

We recommend visiting nearby

Central Exhibition Hall “Manege” – 0.7 km walking

Moscow Kremlin – 0.8 km walking

Pushkin State Museum of Fine Art – 0.8 km walking

Museum of Oriental ArtMuseum of Oriental Art – 0.9 km walking

Ilya Glazunov Gallery – 0.9 km walking Moscow Archeology Museum – 1 km walking

GUM – 1.2 km walking

The Bolshoi Theatre – 1.4 km walking

Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko Moscow Academic Music Theatre – 1.8 km walking

PHOTO depositphotos.com

Leave a Reply