history

Vologda Kremlin (Вологодский Кремль)

The Vologda Kremlin was founded in 1567 by order of Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible as the permanent defenses. The first general plan of Vologda in 1780 was carried out in such a way that the Kremlin was the center of the city, and the radial streets divaricated as the rays. To 1820 the stone walls and towers were broken down.

The historical and architectural museum “The Vologda Kremlin” is the saved part of the old Kremlin of Vologda, the buildings of the XVI-XIX centuries which were in the central part of the Episcopal Household in the Kremlin.

vologda kremlin

The monuments of the Vologda Kremlin:

The Cathedral of St. Sophia

The Cathedral of St. Sophia is one of the oldest stone buildings in Vologda, the architectural monument of the XVII century, one of the most valuable sets of the icons and fresco paintings of the XVII century. The Cathedral is operated as a museum since 1923.

The Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ

The Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ was built in 1772 – 1776 instead of the removed South-East Tower of the Kremlin. There are the expositions and exhibitions of the Vologda Regional Art Gallery.

The Bell-Tower

The bell-tower was built in 1869 on the stone base of the previous bell-tower of the 1659 year. The chiming clock on the bell-tower was made in Moscow in 1871. Many old bells were made in the XVII century, some of them have the proper names – The Big (1687), the Water-carrier (1643), the Archangelic (1689), the Big Swan (1689), and the Small Swan (1656).

The Steward’s Building

The oldest stone building (1659) on the Episcopal Household. The upper storey is the rooms of the steward and provisor. The mezzanine floor was the depositary of the treasury and documents.

The Nameless Building

The Cathedral of the Elevation on the Holy Cross

The Consistorial Building

The architectural monument of the XVIII century.

Simon’s Building with the Church of the Nativity

The architectural monument of the XVII century. There are the state apartments, the bishop rooms and monastic cells, the bakery, buttery and other housekeeping rooms in the building. The Simon’s Building occupies the natural and historical expositions of the Vologda Region.

Irenaeus Building

Gavriil Building

The wind vane in the form of a lion with the scepter on the rooftop is the symbol of the rule, protection, and goodness; now it is the emblem of the Vologda Museum.

Joseph Building

The Joseph Building was built in 1764-1769 and saved almost without changing.

The South-West Tower

The Tower is used as the exhibition hall, concert hall, and conference hall.

Three-storey Building

There was the building of the Slavonic-Latin seminary founded in 1730.

The Summer House

The summer house of the bishop, at present it is the administration of the museum.

Open hours and price

Wednesday – Sunday from 10 to 17.30 (ticket office till 17)

Days off – Monday, Tuesday

Ticket price 900 rubles

How to get to the Vologda Kremlin

Vologda, S.Orlova Ulitsa, 15

In the Russian language – Вологда, ул. С.Орлова, 15

We recommend visiting nearby

Museum of Lace 0.25 km walking

Links

The Vologda Kremlin website in the Russian language

PHOTO depositphotos.com

Categories: history, museum, Vologda

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