history

Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin (Нижегородский кремль)

Kremlin is a fortress in an ancient Russian city.

Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin occupies the territory at the confluence of the rivers the Oka and the Volga; that was a place where the history of Nizhniy Novgorod city began. In 1221 Yuri Vsevolodovich, one of the sons of the prince of Vladimir, founded a settlement here. Nowadays, Nizhny Novgorod is one of the biggest cities in Russia, the fifth one regarding population.

Nizhniy Novgorod Kremlin-1

Wooden and ground fortifications were erected around the first settlement of Nizhny Novgorod. Stone walls were built in the period from 1500 till 1516 at the time of the great significance of Nizhny Novgorod for the protection of Muscovite state from the attacks from the south-east.

The length of the stone walls of the Kremlin is about 2 km, their height is 12 meters, and their sickness is ranging from 3.5 to 5 meters. There are 13 towers with a height ranging from 18 to 30 meters in the Kremlin. Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin is an outstanding monument of Russian fortification – the fortress has never been captured by the enemy through the whole time of its existence.

Since the beginning of the 18th century, Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin used to report to the national military establishment but actually lost its defensive functions. The territory of the Kremlin was gradually occupied by civilian communities, and an art-and-history museum was placed inside the Dmitrovskaya tower.

Large-Scale restoration and reconstruction were carried out on the territory of Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin in the period from 1949 till 1977. Another stage of reconstruction taking place in 2012 that included the restoration of the Zachatskaya Tower finally brought back the image of the Kremlin walls that they used to have in the Middle Ages. The entrance to the territory of Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin is free of charge. At extra charge one can have a walk along the Kremlin walls; there are small museums and exhibitions in the towers of the Kremlin. One can have a walk at any time of the year, but part of the route is closed for the period from November till April.

There are several buildings on the territory of the Kremlin that were built at different times; they are occupied by the Art Museum, the Philharmonic, Nizhniy Novgorod regional administration offices. There is an exciting exhibition of the old-time civil and military equipment standing along the Kremlin walls beside the Dmitrovskaya tower.

Open hours and price

The Kremlin territory visiting is free of charge (ticket price for the Kremlin walls and museums in Kremlin towers see below)

Daily from 10 to 19

The Kremlin Walls

May – November

Daily from 10 to 19

Ticket price 100 rubles

Museums in the Kremlin towers

Daily from 10 to 19

Ticket price – 40-100 rubles per each museum

How to get to the Nizhniy Novgorod Kremlin

Nizhniy Novgorod, Minin and Pozharsky Square, Kremlin

In Russian – Нижний Новгород, площадь Минина и Пожарского, Кремль

Links

Nizhniy Novgorod Kremlin website in the Russian, and English languages

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PHOTO BY findout-russia.com

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