GUM – the Main Department Store of the country (ГУМ)

003GUM is the largest department store in the center of Moscow at Red Square.

The building of GUM was constructed in 1893, but the history of this part of the city as a trading place began much earlier. In the 17th century, there was a whole trade district called “Upper Trading Rows” with a lot of stalls and shops. In 1815 the new building was appeared instead of separated stalls. The building had the classic facade, but inside it looked like a bazaar.

The Upper Trading Rows in that building has existed until 1889. There was the time of economic upturn for the Russian Empire; the Upper Trading Rows building was demolished, and at this place, there was built the largest department store in Europe. The new building was constructed in the form of passage – 3 lines by 3 floors. It was the best marketplace with excellent goods; some of the merchants were official suppliers of the Imperial Court.

In 1917, after the Russian Revolution, all shops were nationalized, all goods were confiscated. The trade began to decline gradually, the Upper Trade Rows had been closed, and the building had been used by institutions of the new government. In the 1920th it was announced the “New Economic Politic” course within which Lenin has signed «Regulations on the State Department Store (GUM),» since that time this place has been known as GUM.

In 1930-1950th  the GUM building again began to be used for the offices of different institutions, from time to time it was planned as a subject to demolition because of Red Square reconstruction, but fortunately, the building wasn’t damaged.

008A new life began in GUM in 1953 – the building was renovated, and GUM became the department store again.

Up to our times, GUM is one of the symbols of Moscow. It is not just a large department store where you can find the famous brands – Breguet, Burberry, Cartier, Dior, Emporio Armani, Etro, Gucci, Hermes, Louis Vuitton, Max Mara, Moschino, Omega, Piaget, Prada, Salvatore Ferragamo, Tiffany & Co, Van Cleef & Arpels, and many others. GUM is a beautiful place to have a rest after walking around the city.

Don’t forget to enjoy an ice-cream at the fountain in the center of GUM!


Open hours

Daily from 10 to 22

How to get to the GUM

Red Square, 3, Moscow

In Russian – Москва, Красная площадь, 3

Metro station:

  • «Teatralnaya» («Театральная») line 2 (green);
  • or «Okhotny Riad» («Охотный Ряд») line 1 (red);
  • or «Ploschad Revolyutsii» («Площадь Революции») line 3 (dark blue)


GUM official website Russian, English, and Chinese languages

We recommend visiting nearby

The Bolshoi Theatre

Moscow Kremlin

Shchusev State Museum of Architecture

Categories: Moscow, shopping

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